Saturday, May 23, 2020

Turn Baking Soda Into Washing Soda

These are easy instructions for making sodium carbonate, also known as washing soda or soda ash, from baking soda or sodium bicarbonate. Make Sodium Carbonate Sodium bicarbonate is CHNaO3, while sodium carbonate is Na2CO3. Simply heat baking soda or sodium bicarbonate in a 200 F oven for about an hour. Carbon dioxide and water will be given off, leaving dry sodium carbonate. This is the soda ash. The chemical reaction for the process is: 2 NaHCO3(s) → Na2CO3(s) CO2(g) H2O(g) The compound will readily absorb water, forming the hydrate (returning to baking soda). You can store the dry sodium carbonate in a sealed container or with a desiccant to keep it dry or allow it to form the hydrate, as desired. While sodium carbonate is fairly stable, it slowly decomposes in dry air to form sodium oxide and carbon dioxide. The decomposition reaction can be accelerated by heating the washing soda to  851 C (1124 K). Key Takeaways: Baking and Washing Soda Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and sodium carbonate (washing soda) are similar molecules. The difference is  how much water is incorporated into the molecule.If you bake baking soda, it decomposes to form washing soda, releasing carbon dioxide and water.Over time, washing soda decomposes for form sodium oxide, releasing carbon dioxide. Warmer conditions speed the decomposition process. Uses for Washing Soda Washing soda is a good all-purpose cleaner. Its high alkalinity helps it cut grease, soften water, and disinfect surfaces. Keep in mind, sodium carbonate solution irritates the skin and can produce chemical burns in pure form. Wear gloves when using it! Sodium carbonate is used to adjust swimming pool pH, prevent caking in foods, and as a treatment for ringworm and eczema. Its also used on a commercial scale for making glass and paper products.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Contravening a Social Norm A North Korea Case Free Essay Example, 1000 words

Contravening a Social Norm Carrying flags is nothing new in this country, where flags are carried to denote a special event taking place, loyalty, patriotism and even special circumstances that need to be addressed. However, there are flags that are not common to the eyes of the people, and some are not even known to the people for the best of reasons, but for all the wrong ones. This is especially because there is no common ground between the meaning of the flag in question, and the beliefs of the society, as well as their values, in which case, it makes it a violation of social norms. In order to violate a social norm I chose to carry the North Korean flag around campus, as I went about my daily activities, while making sure I called a lot of attention to myself by chanting pro-North Korean slogans. This was not an illegal activity, neither was it morally nor ethically wrong, just unusual, which makes it a violation against social norms and conventions. The main reason for choosin g the North Korean flag is that the country is known to be in conflict with most of the countries around the world, and especially America with the most recent threats that it is currently in a state of war with America. We will write a custom essay sample on Contravening a Social Norm A North Korea Case or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Since there not many people, if any attempting to salvage the situation or call the world’s attention to the Korean situation, I chose to carry the flag to draw attention to the presence of the nation, and possible reasons why they would be engaging in their current activities. The most convenient time or setting in which to violate the social norm of carrying the flag of a hostile nation was during the Easter weekend, which fell at a time when North Korean propaganda announced the state of war with the Americans and their interests in South Korea. This was a convenient timing as the people were in a festive mood due to Easter, which makes the political statement awkward for many, as it is unconventional to have religious events marred with politics. The social setting was around campus, which was packed with students from different countries, cultures and political affiliations, making it the perfect venue for this gimmick. However, the main target was the lecture hall that houses lecturers on Asian studies and political science making it a near perfect venue aside from social challenge of the students engaging in these courses. I chose this venue owing to the attention it would gain raising eyebrows as most people taking the courses are into politics an d are mostly Asians who want to understand more about their continent and the political culture of different Asian countries.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Conflict Of The Rwandan Genocide - 1511 Words

Sometime in April 1994, during the Rwandan Genocide, Father Athanase Seromba helped lure 2,000 Tutsi men, women, and children into his church where they thought they would be safe. One day, Seromba began clearing out the Communion chalices. A refugee in the church begged him to leave the Eucharist so that they could hold a final mass. However, Seromba refused, telling the congregation that the building was no longer a church. Another refugee asked the priest if he would pray for them. He answered, â€Å"Is the God of the Tutsis still alive?† Later, Seromba would have the church bulldozed and would send the militia in to kill the survivors (Kimani, 2010). In a continent as vast as Africa, it is not uncommon to see the struggles of both Christianity and Islam play out. Just a couple years ago, the world heard about the Boko Haram Islamic extremist group kidnapping schoolgirls in Nigeria, forcing them to convert to Islam and marriage with other members of Boko Haram. Lesser know n are the Christian terrorists of the African continent who attack and kill the Muslim community among them. In the last two decades, the Western world has become so fearful after news of Muslim terrorist attacks and genocides, especially after 9/11. So much so that Western citizens have turned on other citizens simply because they are Muslim, look Middle-Eastern, or have an Arabic name. Sometimes we forget that some of the worst genocides in history have been instigated or participated in by Christians –Show MoreRelatedThe Conflict Of The Rwandan Genocide1864 Words   |  8 PagesKant’s philosophical perspective, humans are moral agents due to their ability to rationalize, reason and be autonomous. In order to make the claim that the international community is morally unjustified in their lack of action regarding the Rwandan genocide is because humanitarian intervention can be regarded as a perfect duty when approached from a Kantian perspective. This ideology is cha llenging for many critics because if this is a perfect duty then comes the question of who is to claim suchRead MoreRwandan Genocide Report On The Conflict Essay1809 Words   |  8 PagesRwandan Genocide Report Summary of the conflict In 1894 German colonization resulted in Tutsis being put into roles of responsibility over Hutus due to the Tutsis more closely resembling Europeans. After Germany lost its colonies after World War One Belgium took over control in Rwanda. The Belgians distributed identification cards throughout the population, unknowingly beginning the genocide process. They also gave all the leadership roles to the Tutsi, upsetting the Hutus. When Rwanda fought forRead MoreRwandan Genocide And Ethnic Conflict3296 Words   |  14 Pages the state of Rwanda was hurled into chaos as genocides took the lives of 800,000 people . Began by the Hutu political elite and its military support, their main targets were the Tutsi, and Hutu moderates. Many have claimed â€Å"ethnic hatred† as the reason of the Rwanda Genocide and while an ethnic split existed in Rwanda during the conflict, the causes for the genocide are numerous and complicated. In examining the Rwanda Genocide as an ethnic conflict it is crucial that ethnicity be inspected as itRead MoreThe Conflict Of The Rwandan Genocide2091 Words   |  9 PagesFinding the Right Way to Intervene: Sovereignty Paper In the spring and summer of 1994, Rwanda experienced a genocide that killed hundreds of thousands of innocent people. After seeing the tragedies that took place in Nazi Germany, one would expect the international community to respond quickly and effectively in the case of the Rwandan genocide. However, the killings were largely pushed aside or ignored by the rest of the world, begging the question of when states have the right or duty to betrayRead MoreThe Rwandan Genocide And Ethnic Conflict1768 Words   |  8 PagesINTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1.0 Introduction The Rwandan genocide has been a topic of discussion and study by many scholars, researchers and humanitarian bodies seeking to find the root cause of its happening. Some found out that deterioration in the political climate was the possible cause. Others argued that the Hutu elite were only safeguarding their political power from the Tutsis who had, under the colonial rule, oppressed the Hutus. The genocide was seen to be the best platform for settling scoresRead MoreThe Conflict Of The Rwandan Genocide Under The Clinton Administration975 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1994, one of the most brutal genocides of all time took place in the small country of Rwanda. Over the span of approximately 100 days, 800,000 Rwandans were killed—an average of 8,000 people per day— with Tutsis being the primary target. The staggering numbers called for international intervention, yet the action taken across the world was slim. Samantha Power’s â€Å"Bystanders to Genocide† revea ls that the U.S.’s handling of the Rwandan genocide under the Clinton Administration was both minimalisticRead MoreThe Conflict Between Rwanda And The Rwandan Genocide Essay1276 Words   |  6 PagesBodies lying in the streets. People hacking each other with machetes and other bladed weapons. Blood splattering the ground. Such was the scene in the spring of 1994 in the African country of Rwanda. The Rwandan Genocide claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of lives over the course of 100 days because of racial tensions between the Hutus and the Tutsis. Over twenty years later, the two tribes live together, but it is an uneasy peace. Tensions between the Hutus and the Tutsis can be tracedRead MoreThe Rwandan Conflict : Genocide Or War? International Journal On World Peace891 Words   |  4 PagesDanjibo Dominic. The 1994 Rwandan Conflict: Genocide or War? International Journal on World Peace. Vol XXX No. 3(2013). 31-54. Print. The Article by Olaifa and Dominic, provides background and general information about the Rwandan Conflict of 1994 which relates to the concept of genocide and is to determine its relationship with war as a concept. The authors present an investigation of the reasons of Rwandan tragedy and justifies the difference between concepts of war and genocide by explaining theirRead MoreA Look at the Rwandan Genocide Essay1014 Words   |  5 Pages Thousands of people died. The only reason is because they were a different political party. There are terrible economies. People are suffering and have very little hope. Genocide is the only reason. Everything could have been prevented if genocide didn’t exist. The world basically ignored the genocide and pretended like it never happened because they didn’t want to spend the money. Thousands of people could still be alive if the world stepped up at helped the victims of this horrible crime. RwandaRead MoreThe Rwanda Of The Rwandan Defence Force904 Words   |  4 Pagesa lack of proper governance. Each conflict has its own individual history, perpetrators, victims and bystanders with difficult answers on how to solve them. The post-genocide nation of Rwanda witnessed one of the most horrific events a nation could experience, genocide. However, it has rebuilt itself to become an example nation for transitional justice, political stability and economic development. Rwanda’s military capabilities within the institute of the Rwandan Defence Force (RDF) are well known

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Printing Press and Its Effects - 839 Words

Week seven TD 1 ONG in chapter five â€Å" Print, Space and Closure†talks about printing press and its effects .Through the chapter I found some interesting points connected to literacy. First,the idea of persons in a primary oral culture can entertain some sense of proprietary rights to a poem but with writing resentment at plagiarism begins to develop . We struggle in a copy right world and with removing words from the sound world , print encouraged us to think about mental held possessions as we express ourselves in narrative discourse.Writing is not necessarily the mirror-image and destroyer of orality, but reacts or interacts with oral communication in a variety of ways. Sometimes the line between written and oral even in a single activity cannot actually be drawn very clearly, as in the characteristic Athenian contract which involved witnesses and an often rather slight written document, or the relation between the performance of a play and the written and published text.† (Rosal ind Thomas, Literacy and Orality in Ancient Greece. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992). As a future literacy specialist , I gained new understanding about the line between oral and written and the way writing interacts with oral. Second,print causes the presence of intertextuality which central in current phenomenological and critical circles . As the writer stated, intertextuality refers to a literacy and psychological commonplace.The literary text is the product of a writer, who elects to write aShow MoreRelatedThe Renaissance: the Invention of the Printing Press and Its Effects1614 Words   |  7 Pagesno mass media, such as the printing press to spread the word. A century later, all that had changed. Like any other invention, the printing press came along and had an impact when the right conditions existed at the right time and place. In this case, that was Europe in the mid 1400s. Like many or most inventions, the printing press was not the result of just one mans ingenious insight into all the problems involved in creating the printing press. Rather, printing was a combination of severalRead More The Pritting Press Essay605 Words   |  3 Pagesinvented movable type, or as we know it, a printing press. Prior to 1440 everything read in Europe was copied by hand or copied from wooden blocks carved from hand. This was very expensive and time consuming. The only people who were literate were those of the church and a small percentage of nobility. Since the printing press came out, how would this effect European culture and the way things worked? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The printing press had many effects on Europe. Very few peasants could readRead MoreThe Invention Of The Printing Press932 Words   |  4 PagesThe printing press, a simple invention compared to the technology we have today, however, it was a huge stepping stone to getting to the technology today. The printing press represents the spread of information and knowledge. There were two major effects of the printing press. These two effects were the exploration of the Americas and the Protestant Reformation. Exploration was Colombus and his explorers â€Å"discovering† America. The printing press had great influence on these events. The ProtestantRead MoreEssay on The Gutenberg Press1248 Words   |  5 PagesGutenberg’s printing press was one of the most important inventions of the renaissance, as it has had a major impact on both the Renaissance and todays world of printing. The Gutenberg Press, impacted the renaissance by, making books and info rmation easier and cheaper to reproduce and print, spreading more information easier and faster to vast audiences eager for new information, helping advance science and technology, and also by helping the economy grow stronger through creating new industriesRead MoreThe Communication Of Information And The Printing Press1670 Words   |  7 Pagessecular, and from scholarly to popular, has been important to the development of civilization. From hand writing the Bible, to being able to print it in less than a minute, the printing press has truly changed the world. We thank China for the first production of the printing press in the 6th century AD. The printing press has allowed for more ideas to be shared, more widespread knowledge, and entertainment to be expressed. This is definitely one of the greatest inventions of all time. In theRead MoreLimitations Of Technology - An Exploration Of The Printing Press Essay1327 Words   |  6 PagesLimitations of Technology – An exploration of the printing press Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1398-1468)’s printing press was created in the mid-15th century Guttenberg used his moveable type machine to print the first mass produced book- the Gutenberg bible, also known as the 42 line bible, named after the number of lines per column. The publication was printed at the rate of 300 pages per day, an unrealistic quantity during the time of print made possible by his invention. Metal letter forms copied manuscriptRead MoreEssay on Comparing The Television and The Printing Press583 Words   |  3 PagesComparing The Television and The Printing Press The television and the printing press are two very essential and widely used media products. In order to determine which one could be named the superior of the two I have researched and studied both topics extensively .In this essay I will explain why I have come to the conclusion that the printing press is more influential, vital, and educational to society than the television. How can a five hundred-year-old printer be influential? I can answerRead MoreJohannes Gutenberg and Donatello:Two Important Figures of the Ranaissance643 Words   |  3 Pagesnumerous ways were Johannes Gutenberg and Donatello. Donatello was an early renaissance Italian sculptor who lived in florence. Johannes Gutenberg was a printer and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. These two figures had effects on Science/Technology, effects on art, and effects on culture/society. Donatello and Johannes Gutenberg are two figures with opposing views that profoundly challenged and shaped political thought. However, Johannes Gutenbergs contributions to politicalRead MoreThe Invention Of The Printing Press948 Words   |  4 PagesIf we examine, by quantifiable evaluations focusing on printing production and the distribution of associated technology and scrutinized by the characterization of the extensive expanse of knowledge and ideas across Europe we will discover the in vention of the printing press. A result of progress, among a number of allied industries, papermaking and goldsmithing were principal players. The thin paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant was one of the most common writing papers duringRead MoreInfluence Of The Renaissance On Modern Europe1174 Words   |  5 Pagesproved to be the most important event in shaping a modern Europe, with developments in education, class structure/order and social change issues, religion, building construction/use, Medici banking system, art and architecture, humanism, printing and the printing press, and the scientific and medical changes of the Islamic Renaissance. The changes in the development of education during the Renaissance begins to influence the shape of modern Europe. The beginning changes in education can be traced back

How Are Youths’ Perceptions Contributing to Its Popularity Free Essays

string(138) " purchasing environmentally friendly apparel and they may be unwilling to pay increased prices for sustainable apparel \(Connell, 2010\)\." Exploring the CEO-fashion trend: How are youths’ perceptions contributing to its popularity? Introduction Ensuring garments are produced in an environmentally friendly manner in regards to its materials, consumer benefits and the condition in which employees are working is the essence of what CEO-fashion is all about (Hudson, 2012). According to Hudson (2012), 2011 was the leading year fashion industries realized a prosperous opportunity and need for venturing into the businesses of CEO-friendly clothing. CEO- fashion has increased in popularity as a global trend and Anne Salvatore Epstein was he one that discovered this concept in 2009, when she was pregnant. We will write a custom essay sample on How Are Youths’ Perceptions Contributing to Its Popularity? or any similar topic only for you Order Now The reason for Epstein to embrace this concept was because of her desire to enhance the organic value in life for her new born. In order to create an organic fashion trend, Epstein first collaboration partnership was with Marc Jacobs (Smith, 2006). Generation Y, the main target market for sustainable fashion, enjoys the quick trends presented by fast fashion retailers (Martin ; Bush, 2000, as cited in Hill, 2011). However, the value of being socially responsible and taking into consideration sustainability issues is mongo their concerns as well (Yang, 2003). According to a study by a market research company, Marital, 47% of the participants from generation Y found that they are attracted to environmentally friendly services, products or brands and are often more agreeable to pay extra when purchasing. The explanations behind the enthusiasm of the vast majority were due to reasons such as â€Å"care about the environment†, â€Å"it’s the right thing to do† or â€Å"so that people know I’m environmentally aware† (Barcelona, 2007). A significant figure of 47% of Generation Y is willing to shop at a retailer more often if they were environmentally friendly’, was the outcome of the study, hence describing their attitudes towards retailers that positioned themselves as environmentally aware (Barcelona, 2007). A result from another study also showed that a co mpany’s social and environmental commitments are factors to be considered by of Generation Y interviewed and 83% find a company more treatable if it practices the societal marketing concept (Kim, Change, Lee ; Huh, 2011). The improved public education that generation Y received in their early childhood consequently resulted in their heightened awareness and concern of becoming more environmentally conscious than previous generations (Meddlesome ; Polygons, 1995, as cited in Kim, Change, Lee ; Huh, 2011). Throughout their lives, Gene Y has faced detrimental issues regarding global climate change and ozone depletion. As a result, increased awareness through sound environmental education is an important element when teaching hence emphasizing the importance of protecting the environment. Additionally, younger consumers are more likely to be fashion leaders (Goldsmith ; Clark, 2009, as cited in Hill, 2011), therefore understanding generation Yes perception towards CEO-fashion may lead to a better understanding of owe they are contributing to its growing popularity (Morgan ; Bristle, 2009). Research Justification Despite the prominently growing trend of CEO-fashion and its popularity in the fashion industry, identification of factors influencing consumers’ evaluations and perceptions of sustainable product requires further research. Lack of available options is one of the major barriers to CEO-fashion (Hillier Connell, 2010). Moreover, there is limited research directed towards consumers’ views of fashion sustainability (Morgan ; Bristle, 2009). Thus highlighting the need to acquire further insight into generation Yes perceptions of fashion and sustainability. Fashion retailers are seen to have a unique position of being closer to consumers, as their business model and supply chain is driven by consumer demand (Bristle, Squid ; Frito, 2003). Therefore consumer’s opinions concerning sustainability are essential to how retailers conduct business in addition to the fact that they are able to respond quicker to the demand for sustainable products more appropriately. Owner and founder of Coming NYC and a fashion retailer that excelled in CEO-fashion, Anne Bernstein, has proudly dedicated to educating the public about the advantages of CEO-friendly fashion (Pietistic, 2009). According to Bernstein, there are three key factors that CEO-fashion designers take into consideration when creating pieces of fashion that is considered â€Å"sustainable†. They are the health of the planet, health of garments makers, and the quality of products in terms of sustainability essentially serving the purpose of long-term usage (Pietistic, 2009). Bridges Wilhelm (2008) found a low level of knowledge of sustainability matched with a high level of interest in the concept among Generation Y. Hence, this research seeks to consider Generation Yes perceptions towards the sustainable line of fashion garments and how these perceptions will contribute to the expanding popularity of CEO-fashion. Taking the above mentioned into consideration, this study will aim at providing fashion designers and retailers the insight needed into factors Generation Y consumers consider in relation to the concept of CEO-fashion. Understanding this could better equip retailers when creating marketing campaigns when targeting consumers as it is based on their level of knowledge and understanding. Objective of Research This research paper intends to determine the factors that affect the Generation Y consumer’s perceptions towards the concept of CEO-fashion, and how these factors result in the mounting popularity of CEO-fashion. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to: 1 . Identify the stimulus affecting perceptions towards CEO-fashion among Generation Y. 2. Examine the relationship between Generation Y consumers’ perceptions on CEO-fashion concept and the popularity of the concept in regards to the five variables that will be analyzed. Literature Review Price and the purchase intention of CEO-apparel Consumer’s price sensitivity has attracted the attention of various researchers throughout the 21st century. The reason being is studies have shown that price is the cost that shoppers are able to best determine thus making it among the most important criteria when deciding to purchase (Dickson ; Hustled, 2009). To further elaborate, in a recent study of shopper’s selection, price was consistently indicated as a major influencing factor (Sensei Todd, 2003). This coincides with the findings of how retailers too, find price to be an important factor for shoppers thus emphasizing its relevance (Sensei Todd, 2003). Studies have shown that the perception of higher prices may prove to be a barrier to purchasing environmentally friendly apparel and they may be unwilling to pay increased prices for sustainable apparel (Connell, 2010). You read "How Are Youths’ Perceptions Contributing to Its Popularity?" in category "Papers" However the way in which retailers are able to overcome this issue is by producing apparel on a global scale thus increasing sourcing options that allows manufacturers to compete on lower prices (Gamma, 2011). Another solution is sustainable fashion is encouraged to develop current styles and provide increased information to customers through labeling to inform them (Height, 2009). Levis have incorporated this concept into their trendy clothing proving how it can gain customers through style and ethics (Mesa , 22)). The concept is still emerging into the retail business hence showing its potential to grow. Furthermore, it was stated in green marketing literature that consumers that are environmentally conscious are willing to purchase green products that may cost more than the average (Halyard, Ogle Dunbar, 2006). HI : Price positively affects the purchase intention of CEO-apparel. Perceived quality and the purchase intention of CEO-apparel When considering a product, consumers take into account their perceived quality of the products characteristics meaning its overall components that are physical and non-physical (Hill Lee, 2012). Elements such as reliability, durability and performance are factors that lead to consumer satisfaction or dissatisfaction in accordance with their expectation (Sheen, Wang, Lo Chum, 2012). As CEO- apparel is still a young concept in the business, consumers may be reluctant in purchasing such goods although they are environmentally conscious. Another barrier that may be faced is the belief among consumers that apparel made of recycled eternal is of reduced quality. The large apparel industry leaves a large carbon footprint in the environment as it is ever changing and growing resulting in increased wastage (Chain Wong, Wong). Through all stages of its product life cycle: from fiber growth, manufacturing, dyeing, transportation to end users each step leaves a harmful impact (Hill Lee, 2012). Consequently, designers are taking initiative by engaging in CEO fashion by producing their clothes in a way that best suits the environment (Hill, 2012). Utilizing 100% organic fibers, bamboo and hemp are among the biodegradable materials used in the production process. The sturdy fibers of the plants increase the durability of the products promising that the garments made are of strong quality. In addition, for those that are hesitant as it is a new concept, reputable designers such as Guess Scares have altered methods of production to create more CEO-friendly garments (Volitional, 2009). Customers need not make trade-offs in terms of attributes that create quality when selecting CEO- apparel products to purchase due to qualities like 100% organic cotton (Sheen, Wang, Lo Chum, 2012). By remaining stylish, entities have been able to promote Rene fashion without compromising their cool factor, thus enhancing their brand image to a larger pool of customers besides guaranteeing quality. H2O: Perceived quality positively affects the purchase intention of CEO-apparel. Openness to innovation and the purchase intention of CEO-apparel One of the main influences in determining the purchase of CEO-garments depends on an individual’s personality and their openness to experience. Each person has a unique self-image they try to portray and remain consistent with in accordance to the type of good or service consumed (Sibilate ; Undervaluation, 2012). A significant indicator of the type of consumers that may be attracted towards this concept are those that indulge in innovative ideas (Cornell ; Heartfelt, 2012). As stated by Coworker , 2011, the CEO-apparel concept is fairly new and is gradually gaining awareness among consumers and businesses thus the need for consumers to be open to new ideas is vital in order for them to accept this idea (Coworker, 2011). Getting a further understanding of the degree to which consumers inhibit a desire to experience unique ideas allows marketers and CEO retailers the opportunity to take advantage increasing the amount of potential customers. However, research has shown that the level of generation Yes knowledge regarding this matter is low, yet it also indicates that they put great emphasize on their concern of this issue (Sensei ; Todd, 2003). Their willingness to educate themselves will essentially result in an increased desire to indulge in CEO-friendly goods (Ma, Littered ; NIMH, 2012). Targeting generation Y in an effort to gain increased supporters of CEO-garments is key to its success (Connell, 2010). However, capturing those individuals that are more ailing to engage in such products enables this concept to gain popularity more rapidly. HE: Consumer innovativeness positively affects the purchase intention of CEO- apparel. The socio-cultural impact and the purchase intention of CEO-apparel When discussing the environment as a whole, several factors can be taken into consideration in accordance to an individual’s life. CEO-fashion is currently considered to be a niche market hence appropriately targeting those consumers that are environmentally concerned with products that are designed to fit their lifestyles (Bruno, Mindedness, Reid Yanks, 2008). Moreover, generation Y consumers that enjoy shopping generally have specific lifestyles, motivations and opinions in relation to shopping (Serbia-Sanchez, Vagary Hot, 2011). Their motivations to purchase certain goods tend to reflect their social and recreational identities (Serbia-Sanchez, Vagary Hot, 2011). Hence by purchasing specific goods such as CEO-apparel allows them to communicate to their peers that they are able to incorporate their values and beliefs of being socially aware through the clothes they purchase. Moreover, segmenting research has shown that lifestyle profiles of customers are a more beneficial meaner to differentiate green consumers than demographics thus highlighting the importance of understanding their daily lives (Hill, 2012). In addition, as generation Y makes up a large segment of the retailer business, their interest in fashion and shopping is dominant. They are more prone to seeking new knowledge regarding clothing products which can lead to greater curiosity concerning CEO-garments (Sheen, Wang, Lo Chum, 2012). They find a sense of self-fulfillment when purchasing CEO-made goods as it promotes an CEO- lifestyle (Macaroon, 2009). Research has shown that by combining an CEO-friendly production process with fashion-orientated behaviors may identify the degree to which consumers are more willing to purchase CEO-apparel (Cornell, Hester Richard, 2011). For those that want to express their values in regards to being CEO- friendly but also want to be stylish, top designers such as Archie Rich, was able to feature a â€Å"stunning pink and yellow skirt† made entirely from corn fiber. This shows the potential of such raw materials hence allowing them to further advance consumers beliefs and perceptions regarding this industry (Larry, 2012). Moreover, designer he stated how people often perceive the fashion world as superficial. Therefore this could be a stepping stone that proves to the world that by utilizing such resources in their clothing shows their willingness to help (Larry, 2012). Businesses are able to undergo certain actions in their business that allows consumers to form certain perceptions about this issue. This results in the target market discovering certain attitudes, beliefs and values they own that translates into their daily lives. HE: The socio-cultural positively affects the purchase intention of CEO-apparel. Corporate persona and initiatives and the purchase intention of CEO-apparel Throughout the last decade, corporate social responsibility (CARS) has gained incredible momentum across diverse businesses globally as it is being considered as a main objective for firms. This is done in an attempt to emphasize their commitment to environmental, social and economic goals that go beyond their commercial activities Cones, Comfort Hillier, 2006). Studies have shown that the generation Y consumer does appreciate activities retailers practice and prefer to purchase from companies that are making a difference in society (Hill Lee, 2012). As the participation in CARS and sustainability initiatives gains popularity in the market, companies also gain a competitive advantage (Career Valor, 2012). Companies such as Wall-Mart are confident enough to report the environmental footprint on products it sells to prove to consumers that they are causing lesser damage annually (Hill, 2012). Furthermore, various designers such as Stella McCarty, Gap, Levis and Guess Scares have recently debuted sustainable clothing lines highlighting short-term sustainable acts (Hill, 2012). Barneys NY, a famous U. S. Retail outlet, invested in a green luxury’ campaign whereby studies found that it was well received by consumers that expressed interest in the â€Å"green themed window displays† (Hill, 2012). This shows various ways in which companies show their consumers how they are involved as well as how consumers are positively responding. It represents a relatively smaller portion of the marketplace however each step taken to help the sustainable fashion market place grow is effective (Chain ; Wong, Wong). Practicing CARS is an option and not an obligation for entities therefore it verifies that those that practice do care about their consumers and the environment therefore allowing them to improve their value to consumers, enhance their reputation and own a competitive advantage. Finally, another study showed that numerous participants mentioned the proactive measures taken by companies and how it makes a more positive impact thus practicing initiatives has a direct affect towards their purchase intentions of CEO-apparel goods (Regional, 2010), HE: Corporate persona and initiatives positively affects the purchase intention of CEO-apparel. Methodology Three hundred female university students are to participate in this research by completing a self-administered questionnaire. University students are targeted for the sample because they share similar characteristics with fashion leaders and are exposed to a variety of fashion information (Workman ; Kid, 2000). The sample for this study contained only female consumers due to previous research noting that there is a high propensity of female consumers towards fashion (Morgan ; Bristle, 2009). Additionally, research on environmentally conscious consumers has found females being more apt in supporting environmental issues (Mariner, Barnett, Balder, Nubian ; Osama, 1997, as cited in Nodding, 2003). Therefore, in order to eliminate potential sampling biases due to gender, this study utilized data only from female respondents. To guarantee reliability and validity, the large amount of samples used will better reflect reliable results. Data is collected in the Klan Valley area as this area consists of most universities as well as being convenient for the researchers, thus making it a strategic location to gather a large amount of data (Miller ; ROR, 2004). To achieve the objective of this research, non-probability sampling method was adopted, as the focus of the research is only on Generation Y assign consumers. The questions used to measure the variables were adopted from a wide range of relevant past research with the following components: 1. Price (Darker ; Freedman, 1992, as cited in Madman ; Sure, 2001; Vaudevillian ; Gradual, 2008). 2. Perceived Quality (Estimate, 1988, as cited in Joy ; Cigarillos, 2007; Sarasota, 2012). 3. Openness to innovation (Hill, 2012) 4. Socio-cultural (Bruno, Mindedness, Reid ; Yanks, 2008). 5. Corporate person and initiatives (citation) Participants were asked to rate, on a seven point Liker scale. In terms of rating scale, seven point Liker scale will be used to identify categories in the questionnaire where 1= strongly agree, 4= neither agree nor disagree, and 7= strongly disagree. According to Sigmund, Ward, Lowe, WinZip ; Bin (2007), the Liker scale is also known as a popular method to measure attitude because it is easy to administer. Data processing and analysis SPAS 18. 0 will be used for data analyses. Reliability will be estimated by using Cockroach’s coefficient alpha for all multi-item scales. Others statistical analyses are such as descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, factors statistics and associative analysis. Functions of these statistics are to reduce the sturdy sum of data matrix collected from the large array of respondents (Burns Bush, 2006). Tasks such as describing measurable characteristics for entities such as median, range, standard deviation, etc could be performed using descriptive statistics (Wally’s, 1978). According to Stephen ; Horny (1995), inferential statistic is using a one-sample test to obtain data for standard error analysis and hypothesis testing to determine population parameters. While associative analysis will determine whether the proposed variable in the report are interrelated in a logical way (Pappy ; Sequester, 2006); factor analysis will be used to describe variability among observed, correlated variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved variables (Rumen, 1970). Limitation of the research Few limitations in the research are barriers that might limit the findings of the research but overcoming these weaknesses of the study would be the direction of future research. Firstly, the research only focuses on the perceptions of the Generation Y consumer, thus not being a proper representation of the entire population of CEO-fashion consumers although this target consists of consumers that could be most interested in CEO-apparel. Studying other generational groups of consumers would further build the knowledge of consumers’ perceptions toward the CEO-fashion concept (Hill, 2011). Furthermore, the research only analyses university students within the Klan Valley area thus it may not be most applicable in terms of different cultural contexts. To elaborate, consumers react differently to prices across countries 00 Cigarillos, 2007). Compared to individualistic culture, any changes in price in a collectivist culture tend to have greater corresponding perceived laity differences. Hence, a larger sample covering other distinctive areas would be suggested to provide more accurate results (Cooper, 2005). Additionally, this study is limited in that it only covers variables such as price, perceived quality, openness to innovation, corporate person and initiatives and socio-cultural impact that influences consumers’ perceptions toward the CEO-fashion concept. The inclusion of other related features such as personality and family could also influence the consumers’ perceptions toward CEO-fashion concept. According to Fernery, Park Brandon 2005), these factors play a unique role in the perception towards fashion retailers and are especially salient in apparel purchases. Thus, further study into other influences on consumers’ perception is needed. Lastly, this research is limited as it focuses only on female respondents. Therefore, this may lead to gender bias in the results. How to cite How Are Youths’ Perceptions Contributing to Its Popularity?, Papers

Nation and True Patriot free essay sample

A patriot. Many people have different views and opinions on such a title. For example, in Oliver Goldsmith’s â€Å"National Prejudices† he describes one man with a rather questionable view on patriotism as a â€Å"Pseudo-Patriot†. (Goldsmith. 33) Some believe a patriot is someone who loves their country full-heartedly and without question. This of course is how most would see it I assume. A true patriot is someone who can have pride in their country and everything it stands for with honor, and respect. A patriot can love their country without hating or discriminating other countries and cultures. They should help and serve others selflessly, no matter their nationality. Finally, a true patriot should stand for their country, and realize it is not perfect and that all nations have their faults. A true patriot is someone who can have pride in their country, and also respect other countries and nationalities for what they are, human beings. We will write a custom essay sample on Nation and True Patriot or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They can love and have pride without taking that away from others, simply because of their nationality. This also goes back to Goldsmith’s essay â€Å"National Prejudices† when he ponders on the words of a famous philosopher when he was asked where he was from he simply replied, â€Å"I am a citizen of the world.† Meaning, to him, there is no difference in people of different nationalities, for we all inhabit this earth. As most people think, a patriot should help and serve others selflessly, no matter the nationality of the person in need of help. To many, this shows that the person isn’t so proud and haughty as to shun away someone in need simply because of the color of their skin. For example, in an essay by George Orwell â€Å"Marrakech† he witnesses pain and suffering of a poor Moroccan population, but does not help them. He only ponders on the suffering of these people and how they live their lives going almost completely unnoticed. (Orwell. 37) In my own opinion, this also shows a lot about that person and their character. It shows that they are willing to help, no matter the cost. Selfless service is a very important characteristic that most everyone needs. In comparison to said â€Å"Pseudo-Patriot† in Goldsmiths  essay, he might have turned his cheek to someone in need simply based on the color of their skin. It might be humiliating to such a person and cause reason for embarrassment. I will start this opinion by saying that no nation is perfect in any sense of the word. Though as I said before, a patriot should have pride in their country and they also need to realize the faults in it. Though many nations are strong and can support themselves very well, none are perfect. They all have their faults and imperfections, a true patriot will accept these. They may be few or many, but no matter, any true patriot will accept them and move past these to better the nation as a whole. A patriot can be described as many things, from a war veteran to a school teacher. Though many think of a patriot as something they are not. Everyone can have the right attitude about a patriot, though it may take some time to get people to understand a true patriot. A true patriot has pride his or her country, but also has respect for other cultures and nationalities around them. They should also provide service to whomever it is needed, without discrimination. Finally, they need to come to the realization that no nation is perfect, and that it needs to be accepted by everyone for better understanding of their country. We can use these morals to become better citizens and help improve our outlook on what we call Patriots.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Nursing Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Question: Discuss about theNursingfor Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome. Answer: Introduction (WKS) is a complex form of neurological disorder in patients where Wernickes Encephalopathy is the acute phase and Korsakoffs Psychosis is the chronic phase. The complication is a result of a deficiency of Thiamine, a form of vitamin B-1. While the most common cause of this disorder is alcohol misuse, the other associated factors are chronic infections, AIDS and poor nutrition. Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome is considered to be the most common form of dementia in elderly patients due to alcohol use, and the presenting symptoms are memory loss, delirium, and confusion as well as clinical signs like ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. Executive functions and memory are indicated to be the cognitive domains that are mainly impaired along with frontal and prefrontal damage. Nursing care for patients suffering from Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome needs to focus on therapeutic and non-therapeutic interventions that can cater the individualistic needs of the patients with regards to cognitive functions. A ddressing the concerns of diet and alcohol abuse in elderly is highly pertinent (Scalzo et al., 2015). References Scalzo, S. J., Bowden, S. C., Ambrose, M. L., Whelan, G., Cook, M. J. (2015). Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome not related to alcohol use: a systematic review.Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery Psychiatry,86(12), 1362-13